In short, “if a government declares its area is in a state of emergency, it means it can suspend or make changes in some functions of the executive, the legislative or the judiciary during the period of emergency stated (Wikipedia 2017).”* That entails the following measures according to El Yom elsabe3 and Mada Masr:
- Restrictions on the freedom of citizens’ travels and movements at certain places and in certain times.
- The authorization of any forms of inspections regardless of its compliance with the provisions of the code of criminal procedures or law, while granting military forces the right to use force in the case of resistance.
- The right to determine the opening and closing hours of public shops as well as their complete closure.
- Full provision over all kinds of media channels such as the networks of information and communication media, and the ability to confiscate and disable any kind of expression in aims of preventing any kind of propaganda.
- The evacuation or isolation of some areas and the imposition of curfews and the closure of public roads or some of them and the regulation of the means of transport and communication as well as limiting the movement between different regions.
- Increasing the daily working hours of employees of public service units and facilities, both at the central and local levels, within either of them or within the limits of a particular unit or administrative units.
- All forms of protests from marches, sit-ins, strikes or anything that would disrupt public life and spread chaos are prohibited.
- Cancellation of licenses for firearms, ammunition, explosives or any explosive materials, and prohibiting citizens from carrying, selling or importing them.
- Assigning persons to perform any work or perform any service within the limits of their capabilities.
According to article 5: Violators of the provisions of this law maybe arrested immediately. Any person arrested or who shall be arrested has the right to communicate with anyone he wants to inform them of what happened to them, and shall be immediately informed of the reason behind his arrest.
Journalist Diaa Rashwan, however, argues that article 5 is not accurate since, according to the new law, no citizen can be arrested without an official prosecution order.